Too much friction or pressure on your feet for extended periods of time can cause the skin to harden to protect itself. When this occurs, corns and calluses begin to form. Friction typically occurs when something repeatedly comes into contact with part of the foot, such as your shoe. Uneven pressure occurs when your bodyweight is not properly distributed. Both friction and pressure are thought to be the result of poor shoe choice.
Corns and calluses are very similar in how they form: the skin on the foot becomes thick and rough to the touch. The thickened skin eventually becomes dead tissue, and the layer underneath becomes irritated. This irritation causes pain when pressure is applied to the affected area. However, corns and calluses do form in different areas of the foot: corns are found on the toes, while calluses form on the bottom of the foot.
Causes of Corns and Calluses in Bethesda, MD
While there is not just one cause of corns and calluses in Bethesda, MD, poor shoe choice is thought to be the main reason. Some examples of improperly fitting shoes include the following:
- Shoes that are too tight or pinch the toes
- High-heeled shoes that unevenly distribute weight
- Shoes that are too loose and do not fit properly
- Shoes that do not provide proper arch support
In addition to poor shoe choice, there are other some foot conditions that can contribute to the development of corns and calluses, such as hammertoe. Those who have foot deformities may also be at a higher risk of developing corns and calluses in Bethesda.
Bethesda, WI Corns, and Calluses Treatment
Following a physical examination of the foot, Dr. Duggirala or Dr. Deroy, our podiatrists in Bethesda, MD, will be able to properly diagnose your condition. Sometimes simply changing your shoes and being more mindful of how shoe choice affects your feet can clear up and prevent mild corns and calluses. Our Bethesda podiatrists may also recommend the following home remedies to eliminate mild corns and calluses:
- Padding: To protect the area where the corn is located, you can use small pads that shield the area from friction.
- Massage: Rubbing corns and calluses following a shower with a pumice stone or a callus file to eliminate the thickened skin.
Larger corns and calluses may have to be surgically reduced. Our Bethesda, MD podiatrists, Dr. Duggirala and Dr. Deroy, will use a blade to carefully shave away the thickened or dead skin—this is similar to how a pumice stone works, but much more effective. The procedure is painless and is usually completed on an outpatient basis. A cortisone injection may also be used to reduce pain caused by corns or calluses.
Contact us at Bethesda Foot & Ankle Center in Bethesda, MD for corns and calluses treatment options.